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Title: Mandarin Chinese Psych Verbs. Unaccusativity and Unergativity.
Authors: Yang, Chen-Tsung
Keywords: Sino-Tibetan Languages
Chinese Language
Mandarin - Grammar
Psych Verbs
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: National Chung Cheng University
Abstract: This thesis is based on the insight of Huang’s (2007, 2008, 2009) classification of regular Chinese verbs into unaccusative and unergative types and implements the classification from a light-verb perspective to investigate Chinese psych verbs. I conducted a comparison of Chinese psych verbs in a bigger quantity of data. The observation reveals that both EO (Experiencer Object: gandong-type ‘touch’) and ES (Experiencer Subject: haipa-type ‘fear’) type psych verbs can be further sub-divided into three different sub-types. Each sub-type exhibits different syntactic behaviors. EO type psych verb is argued to be parallel with unaccusative series, causative-inchoative verb type in its syntactic behavior, while ES type psych verb is argued to be parallel with unergative verb type. Further, Applicative Projection (Tsai 2007, 2008, 2009a) is adopted to account for ba-construction for both regular unergative and three-place unaccusative verbs and EO psych verbs. Related issues on Affectee argument are also discussed. Further, with the theoretical support from den Dikken’s (2006) RELATOR and LINKER, the issue on backward binding can also be resolved. I then explore related psych properties based on the observation of the data. Psych adjective and psych nouns are the related discussion. Both are claimed to be derived from psych verbs. They are therefore subject to unaccusative and unergative properties. The discussion of this thesis leads to the claim of a uniform system of the basic Chinese verb types.
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