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Title: A grammar of Maanyan: a language of Central Kalimantan.
Authors: Gudai, Darmansyah H.
Keywords: Ma’anyan - Grammar
Greater Barito Languages
Malayo-Polynesian Languages
Austronesian Languages
Issue Date: 1988
Publisher: The Australian National University
Abstract: This thesis deals with phonology, morphology, syntax and the meanings related to the syntactic structures. The Introduction describes the geographical location and the speakers of Maanyan, previous studies, dialect variation and the scope, objectives and theoretical framework. A statement about the orthography is also given in this chapter. Chapter 2 deals with phonology. A point of interest is that the majority of word-final vowels in Maanyan are glottalized. The language has no geminate consonants, but the sequence nasal + voiced stop is realized as a geminate nasal. Chapter 3 discusses the phrasal categories, NP, VP, Adj. P and their functions in a clause. It also contains a discussion of lexical categories, adverbs, noun adjuncts, verb adjuncts, conjunctions and classifiers. Chapter 4 presents the process of word formation and the morphophonemic rules associated with the process. The section on verbal formation provides the basis for verb classification which in turn determines the basic clause types, to be discussed in chapter 7. One important aspect is that Maanyan differentiates stative and dynamic. perception/cognition verbs. Chapter 5 is a description of the structure of NPs and the meanings entailed. Special attention is given to the genitive construction and the NP of characterization. This chapter also focuses on the status of NP which is discussed using the contextual factors specificity, definiteness and anaphora.Chapter 6, on relative clauses, deals with the structure of RC and various positions in a clause which are relativizable. Relative causes are used as a means of topicalization of a possessor of a genitive construction, as nominalization of a clause and in questions. Chapter 7 presents basic clause types. The criterion used in the classification of clauses is the semantic structures of predicates. In Maanyan the predicates are represented by adjectives, verbs,and nominals. The feature 'affected' is introduced besides the feature 'process '. Chapter 8 deals with the two types of passive, canonical passive and possessive-like passive,and the generic meaning conveyed by passive constructions. A point of interest is that passives are used in Maanyan in imperative sentences. Chapter 9 gives a description of complementation. It is classified along the lines of a complemen-taking predicate (CTP). The meanings of complementation constructions are dependent on the type of CTP. Chapter 10 is a description of complex sentences. They are analyzed on the basis of the criteria embedding/non- embedding relation and dependent/independent relation which the members of a complex sentence exhibit. Dependency relation is determined by the operator which every layer of a clause has. The layered structure of the clause consists of the nucleus, the core and the periphery. By these criteria, besides the common coordination and subordination, we also discuss the construction called cosubordination. The last chapter summerizes and presents important aspects of Maanyan grammar.
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