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Title: O sistema verbal do balanta: um estudo dos morfemas de tempo
Authors: Gomes, Cleonice Candida
Keywords: Austronesian Languages
Malayo-Polynesian Languages
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: Universidade de Sao Paulo
Abstract: The focus on this paper is to show the values of the tenses and the modality morphemes in the Balanta language. The Balanta is a language spoken between Casamance, South of Senegal, and Geba River, north of Guinea-Bissau. The Balanta is an Atlantic language of the Niger-Congo branch, of which Fufulde, Wolof, Diola, Serer, Temne are among the most spoken. The Balanta is located in the north branch, in the group called Bak, togheter with Diola, Mandyak, Mankanya and Papel. The verbal paradigm of Balanta presents the following tenses and modality morphemes: {-Æ} ‘present’, {-y } ‘remote past’, {be-} ‘future’, {-g } ‘change of stage’, {-t } ‘deictic’, {- } ‘conclusive’, {- } ‘inconclusive’, the last four morphemes are used to express the attitude of the speaker in relation to the propositional content or in relation to the truth of the statement, or in relation to the listener. The morpheme {-Æ} ‘present’, in accordance with the verbal paradigm and the kind of verb, present values such as present and past in the perfective, present or future in the imperfective; the modality morphemes, in accordance with the verbal paradigm and the kind of verb, present values such as change of stage and interruption action, closing action in the time and certitude, no action closing and incertitude.
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