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Title: Palauan Causatives and Passives: An Incorporation Analysis
Authors: Gibson, Robert E.
Keywords: Austronesian Languages
Malayo-Polynesian Languages
Issue Date: 1993
Publisher: University of Hawaii
Abstract: The central purpose of this dissertation is to demonstrate how complex morphological phenomena in Palauan causativization and passivization are accounted for within Baker (1988) and Baker, Johnson, and Roberts' (1989) incorporation analysis. In this analysis, the complex verb morphology and associated grammatical function changing processes are natural consequences of well known principles of Universal Grammar, within a Government and Binding framework. Within this analysis, Palauan causative verbs have underlying biclausal structures, occurring in D-structure as two verbs in two separate clauses. Via Move a, the verb in the embedded clause moves up to adjoin to the bound causative verb in the matrix clause. Next, the study shows that Palauan conforms to J. Gibson's (1980) Causative Rule II type, in which the underlying subject behaves like a direct object in surface structure. The position of the lower clause subject follows from head movement. Next, the study examines one of two passivization structures which I have termed the 'pre-passive.' Again, within Baker's incorporation analysis, the passive morpheme, in the form of a pronoun which is prefixed to the passive verb, is generated as an argument in Infl. This argument receives the external theta role from the verb. This approach provides an alternative to the theta role absorption or suppression necessary in other analyses of this construction. In addition, the study showed that the passive morpheme as an external argument of the verb was supported by evidence in the form of implicit argument effects. In this case, the passive morpheme was shown to provide the necessary antecedent for reflexives in lower clauses. Finally, the process of Case assignment to the passive morpheme and the subject was examined and shown to be a result of a parameterized Case assigning process for Palauan.
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