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Title: A Comparative Study of Anem and Lusi
Authors: Thurston, William R.
Keywords: Indo-Pacific Languages
Yele-West New Britain Languages
Anem - Grammar
Austronesian Languages
Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian Languages
Lusi - Grammar
Issue Date: 1980
Publisher: University of Toronto
Abstract: Anem, a non-Austronesian language, and Lusi, an Austronesian language, are spoken in contiguous areas of West New Britain, Papua New Guinea. The thesis introduces evidence that Lusi has been pidginized by speakers of an earlier form of Anem. Three main categories of evidence are discussed: 1. While Anem and Lusi are typologically very similar, neither resembles non-Melanesian Austronesian languages. 2. Compared with either Anem or non-Melanesian Austronesian languages, Lusi appears structurally simple, a salient feature normally associated with creoles. 3. While the basic vocabulary of Lusi is clearly Austronesian, much of its non-basic vocabulary is of Anem origin. The thesis supports the view that the diversity and aberrant characteristics of Melanesian Austronesian languages result directly from pidginization by speakers of various, diverse non-Austronesian languages. The thesis challenges the current neogrammarian model in which language change is seen as gradual by proposing pidginization as a central process in language change.
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