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Title: From Temporal Anchoring to Long Distance Anaphors
Authors: Giorgi, Alessandra
Keywords: Anaphor
Issue Date: 2006
Abstract: In this paper I consider the distribution of long distance anaphors in two typologically unrelated languages, Italian and Chinese, and show that in spite of the superficial differences they are ruled by the same grammatical principles. I propose that the properties determining at the interface level the temporal location of events – i.e., Sequence of Tense – also allow the identification of the antecedent of long distance anaphors. I focus mostly on the so-called blocking effects – namely, the impossibility for a long distance anaphor of extending its binding domain beyond certain elements, such as an indicative verbal form in Italian, or an indexical or context-related item in Chinese. I also consider backward binding phenomena, and show how they might follow from the same generalizations. In order to propose a theoretical account of these facts, I investigate the role of the speaker and the bearer of attitude in the sentence. I argue, capitalizing on the proposals by Giorgi and Pianesi (1997, 2001, 2003, 2004) on Sequence of Tense, that they are syntactically realized and might act as binders and blockers both for temporal purposes and for binding ones.
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