Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11707/5672
Title: Livonian stød and lengthening direction
Authors: Enguehard, Guillaume
Keywords: Livonian
Stød
Phonology
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Venice : Center for Language Sciences
Abstract: The goal of this paper is to propose an analysis of Livonian stød (i.e. a laryngeal phenomenon occurring after the stressed vowel and phonetically realized as a falling tone, a creaky voice, or a glottal stop). The stød always co-occurs with a branching segment: a branching stressed nucleus, or a branching consonant. This lengthening of a segment in co-occurrence with the stød is predictable and, consequently, should not be included in the underlying lexical representation. However, the direction of the lengthening process (targeting either the stressed vowel or the following consonant) is not predictable and seems to be lexically determined. To account for the distribution of Livonian stød and the direction of lengthening, I propose that the stød involves two distinct underlying representations. In case of vowel lengthening, the stød is the realization of a segment (a glottal stop stemming from Proto-Fennic *h). And in case of consonant lengthening, the stød is analyzed as an expletive realization of an additional mora provided by stress.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11707/5672
Appears in Collections:Rivista di Grammatica Generativa : Research in Generative Grammar (RGG)

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