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|Title:||Relational adjectives at the syntax/morphology interface in Romanian and Spanish|
|Authors:||Marchis, Mihaela Adriana|
|Abstract:||This thesis, as indicated by its title, investigates the morpho-syntactic and syntactic properties of Relational adjectives at the Syntax/Morphology interface. More concretely, I provide an analysis of a special case of morpho-syntactic derivation which represents a puzzle for Distributed Morphology i.e., the case of Relational adjectives which have the semantic interpretation of nouns while exhibiting the formal properties of adjectives. Hence, I syntactically explore Relational adjectives from a micro-dimension as underlying nouns to a macro-dimension as compounding. From a more theoretical perspective, this thesis is meant to provide additional support to the Distributed Morphology approach according to which certain morphemes such Agreement (AGR) nodes or Case features are added after syntax as they are demanded by language-specific requirements and are never essential to semantic interpretation. A specific case of syntax/ morphology mismatch is the status of Relational adjectives as nouns in the syntax and adjectives in the morphological structure (PF). In the spirit of Embick & Noyer (2005), I argue that the Case features of Thematic adjectives are relevant only at PF, conditioning the choice of Vocabulary Items expressing Case. More explicitly, the deficient Case features of Thematic adjectives are valued only at PF, conditioning the choice of introducing the Agreement node (AGR) where the noun turns into an adjective through suffixation or introducing the Case feature Genitive which is spell-out as de preposition in Romance languages. The overarching goal of this thesis is to show that derivation and compounding represent cases of morphology-as-syntax. In the light of this hypothesis, I regard Relational adjectives in Romance as crosslinguistically corresponding to two types of Compounding, i.e., Thematic adjectives to subordinate compounds while Classificatory adjectives to attributive ones. All in all, in spite of the fact that Relational adjectives, as cases of transpositions, represent a puzzle for DM due to their syntax/morphology mismatches, this thesis will show that the dual character of Relational adjectives as nouns and adjectives at the same time can be syntactically accounted for within the framework of Distributed Morphology.|
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