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Title: The morpho-syntactic interface in a Chinese phrase structure grammar
Authors: Li, Wei
Keywords: Sino-Tibetan Languages
Chinese Languages
Issue Date: 2001
Publisher: Simon Fraser University
Abstract: This dissertation examines issues related to the morpho-syntactic interface in Chinese. specifically those issues related to the following long standing problems in Chinese Natd Language Processing (NLP): (i) disambiguation in Chinese word identification: (ii) Chinese productive word formation; (iii) borderline phenornena between morphology and syntax, such as Chinese separable verbs and ‘quasi-cation'. All these problems pose challenges to an independent Chinese morphology system or separate word segmenter. It is argued that there is a need to bring in syntactic analysis in handling these problems. To enable syntactic analysis in addition to morphological analysis in an integrated system, it is necessary to develop a Chinese grammar ü~at is capable of representing sdcient information fiom both morphology and syntax. The dissertation presents the design of such a Chinese phrase structure grammar. named CPSG95 (for Chinese Phrase Structure Grammnr). The unique feature of CPSG95 is its incorporation of Chinese morphology in the kamework of Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar. The interface between morphology and syntax is then defhed system-internally in CPSG95 and uniformly represented using the underlying grammar formalism used by the Attribute Logic Engine. For each problem, arguments are presented for the proposed analysis to capture the linguistic generality; morphological or syntactic solutions are fomulated based on the analysis. This provides a secured approach to solvirig problems at the interface of Chinese morphology and syntax.
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