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Title: As sentenças relativas em português brasileiro: aspectos sintáticos e fatos de aquisição
Authors: Lessa de Oliveira, Adriana Stella Cardoso
Keywords: Indo-European Languages
Romance Languages
Portuguese Languages
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: Universidade Estadual de Campinas
Abstract: This study investigates the acquisition of relativization strategies in Brazilian Portuguese (BP). The corpora investigated are constituted by naturalistic longitudinal data from three children, from 1;6 to 3;6 years old, as well as data from their caretakers. Assuming Kato’s (1993) and Kato and Nunes’s (2007) proposal that left dislocation structures underlie the derivation of non-standard (“PP-chopping”) relatives in BP, I document two generalizations which have not been noticed in the literature on BP relative clauses: a) appositive clauses do not allow the non-standard strategy, but are acquired early; and b) free relatives admit the nonstandard strategy, and are also acquired early . As for restrictive relative clauses, the data show that the non-prepositional and the non-standard prepositional relatives appear early, whereas pied-piping relatives require formal teaching. Assuming Hornstein’s (2007) proposal that derivations that resort to movement (understood in terms of copying) are more economical than those that resort to resumption, I propose that the standard relativization strategy is acquired before the non-standard strategy in the case of the non-prepositional relatives because it relies on the more economical option. Moreover, using Roeper’s (2003) Economy notion in terms of minimal depth (number of nodes from the probe to the goal), I argue that the difficulty in the acquisition of pied-piping relatives is due to the inherent complexity of the pied-piping operation.
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