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|Title:||Complex sentence formation in Maori|
|Authors:||Reedy, Tamati Muturangi|
|Publisher:||University of Hawaii|
|Abstract:||This study is an investigation into complex sentence formation in Maori language. Chapter I states the aims of the study, provides background information concerning the Maori language community and previous research on Maori, and discusses the theoretical assumptions underlying the analysis. The analysis is generative-transformational in approach, but the explanations of some of the phenomena observed are given from a more semantically based viewpoint than frpm a strictly autonomous syntax model. Chapter 2, on simple sentences, sets out the two main types that have been identified by previous analyses: non-verbal (or equational) and verbal sentences. The problem of subject and predicate identification in equational sentences is investigated and some rules are formulated. The remaining chapters deal with complex sentences. Chapter 3 introduces some working definitions and illustrates examples of complex sentence processes that are to be investigated. These are coordination, relativization and complementation. Chapter 4 is on coordination. It investigates the conjunction aa, raaua ko and me all of which express 'and'. Each conjunction joins certain types of conjuncts: noun phrases, verb phrases, prepositional phrases, and full clauses. The conjunction raanei 'or' and engari 'but' are also investigated. Syntactic rules such as conj~nction reduction, identical subject deletion, and gapping are explored. The effects of the semantic notions denial of expectation and semantic opposition noted by Lakoff (1971) for English are found to be factors influencing the syntax of coordinate structures of Maori also. Chapter 5 discusses relativization. A review of the various hypotheses for deriving relative clauses put forward in generative treatments of English and other languages are first reviewed in some detail. Then the question of whether Maori has true relative pronouns is broached. The argument presented here (in contrast to Williams) is that certain particles - nei, naa, raa, ai and naana - function as true relative pronouns in Maori. Though nei, naa, raa also function as demonstratives, there is clear syntactic and distributional evidence which differentiates their two functions. Chapter 6 is on complementation. The complement structures identified are sentential complements, nominalizations of which there are two types (deverbalized, and nominalized complements), and simple noun complements. The complement markers identified and discussed are ¢, !' ki (or ki te), kia, kia ... ai, and hei. The syntactic rule of Equi NP deletion is discussed also and an ianQ~~lyl (the deletion of the deep stLucture object NP of the embedded clause) is noted. Some syntactic phenomena of Maori (e.g., the movement and non-movement of certain constituents) are explained within the theory of non-discrete grammar proposed by Ross (1973).|
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