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|Title:||Modalites verbales: temps, aspect et mode en medumba|
|Publisher:||Université de Yaoundé I|
|Abstract:||"Modalites verbales: temps, aspect e t mode en medumba" i s the title of the research work we have chosen to undertake. As its title indicates, this work bears on the study of the verb and some of its modalities in medumba, a Bantu language of the East-Grassfields. It is partial study of the verbal system of this language. This study is in line with initiatives taken by Jan Voorhoeve and several other researchers, both academicians and individual researchers, who are interested in the development of languages i n general, and of medumba in particular. Why such a work, you may ask, when there have been a lot of studies conducted in this area? It may be worthwhile stating here that this is not the very 1st research conducted on the medumba language. Several studies, as you will find in the body of this work, have preceded that which you are going to read herein. Jan Voorhoeve ( 1 9 7 2 ) in an outline work bearing on the grammatical study of the Bamileke-Bangangte language did include discussion of tenses, aspects and moods in this work. In the present work we also take up the study of the modalities of tense, aspect and mood i n addition t o some other aspects of the language which relate to the whole verbal structure. This is with a three-fold objective. 1) The 1st objective is to describe the notion of tense, aspect and mood as well as other syntactic structures related to the verb complex taken as a whole. Describing such realities will enable the reader to understand how these notions are expressed, how they function in our language of concern here, and how they relate with other languages . As concerns how these notions are expressed, it may be interesting to anticipate a little here by stating that floating tones have played a great role in this work. A special focus of this work is the vital role played by tones in general, and floating tones in particular, in the medumba language. A lot of studies on floating tones reveal that such tones can function as morphemes. Within the context of the medumba language, their analysis reveals that tone in general may be much more than mere morphemes. Certain affixes are expressed by way of tone. In medumba, tone constitutes not only a prosodic feature, but equally a grammatical and a syntactic phenomenon. Extra-high tones appear as very characteristic of East-Grassfields Bantu languages. They have been identified in fe'fe' , mankon, gunu, bangwa and so on. And one of our aims here is to illustrate the particularity of this tone where this exists in the medumba language. I 2 ) The second aim is to shed more light on the very hasty conclusions drawn in certain previous research works. Mbiti quoted by Welmers (1973:352), theologian and philosopher by ,vocation, whose conclusion drawn on the future tense may bring in some confusion if it is analysed in the linguistic point of view - L. Tesniere ( 1 9 8 2 ) , when talking about verb, reaches a conclusion that will be appreciated in this work. 3) This clarification will enable the reader to enrich his knowledge of Cameroonian languages as well as of African languages. As a prelude to this study on Verb modalities. some general information is given on the msdkrnbc language, namely with regards to: - its geographical location - its speakers - the language itself and - an outline study of the phonology of this language. It i s from a serious review of the literature that we came out with some of the definitions we have adopted in our work.|
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