Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11707/4603
Title: The Morpho-Syntax of Baba 1
Authors: Nashipu, Julius Pepandze
Keywords: African Languages
Niger-Congo Languages
Atlantic-Congo Languages
Baba
Issue Date: 2005
Publisher: Université de Yaoundé I
Abstract: This work is aimed at a study of grammatical categories or linguistic units that have both morphologicul and syntactic properties in Baba 1. We will take into consideration the set d rules that govern linguistic units whose properlies are definable by both morphologicd and syntactic criteria. As a matter of fact, we will present and analysc thc structure:; of nouns and verbs in Baba 1 with particular emphasis on their internal constituent elcmenls. This means that we have to concentrate more on the critical and substantive analysis of nominal and verbal forms that constitute the morphology of the language. Thus, nominal morphology in this light precisely consists of regrouping the nouns in this language into different classes according to attested morphological properties shown by nouns of cach given class. It will also be shown that in Baba 1 there are same typically, hut by no means completely consistent, semantic correlation manifested by nouns of some of thc classes. Furthermore, noun related elements like determiners and pmnouns are studied both in isolation and in collocation with nouns so as to show their lineur order of wcurrences in such utterances. This will help in determining the order of modification assumed by each category of noun related etements occurring in a noun phrase in Aaba 1. In addition we will go further to consecrate a chapter on the various positions that the nominal constituent can ussume in a larger information structure. This has to do wilh syntax since it involves examining the syntactic operations that will mediate in the positional variation of the noun phrase in a Baba 1 sentence. The changes that are to be observed in these varying positions of the nominal constituent will be interpreted us movements. This will give us a gist on the different types of movement operations that may operate within the language as a whole. ...__J - With respect to verbal morphology, a critical analysis is done not only to determine the internal constituent structure of basic verb forms of the various verb types, but also to isolate and bring out the semantic values of all verbal affixes identifiable in this language. This thorough analysis is also undertaken in order to identify and define the verbal morphemes and deternine their relative position in the affixal string. This will enable us to convincingly assign or postulate the segmental or non-segmental markers or the different verbal modalities (tense, aspect, and mood) realized whenever verbs are conjugated in different constructions within this language. Thc wholc work, in addition to II general introduction and II conclusion, consists of parts 1,II, and 111, each of which is still subdivided into chapters. Since Wuba 1 ha.. not yet been an object of any detailed linguistic description, we feel that any work g e i i r l towards an adequate and consistent analysis of this language should, a.s a matter of fact obviously begin with a phonological description. This will endhie us establish the sound system that will serve as a base for our morphological analysis as well ES For any other fbture study to be carried out on the language. Consequcntly, part I which is complementary but indispensable to the entire study is devoted to phonology and tones. Chapter one presents the data, on which the phonological analysis is based,! it also discusses some general phonological principles and telated issues so as to relate them to the data. Chapter two reviews some phonological processes attested in Raba 1 as well as establishes phonologicaI rules to account for the behaviour of some segments in well defined contexts in the language. Furthermore, the basic tonemes in Baba I are established, general tonal' phenomena discussed and some tone rules formulated. Then chapter three establishes the orthography based on the sound inventory resulting from the analysis of the data in the two previous chapters. c + Part 11 could he considered as the beginning of the study proper, and consists of chapters four five and six. Chapter four treats the noun classes and gender system of Baba 1. Nouns are grouped into two broad groups based on morphological and semantic considerations respectively. A link is cstablished between these two broad groupings. In chapter live, the various attested noun related elements a ~ eex amined both in isolation and in concatenation with nouns in a noun phrase so as to determine the permissible linear order in which they co-occur. Chapter six seeks to illuminate the different movements within the noun phrase, and this will serve as tacit evidence that movements operate within the language. ) I Part Ill deals exclusively and essentially with verbal morphology. It consists of chapters, seven, eight ,and nine, each chapter concentrating on a separate verb related element. Chapter seven treats the different tenses and their specific references attested in this language, chapter eight deals with aspects, while chapter nine concentrates on mood. 'l'herc is chapter ten, an appendix provision wherein an overview of the whole work will he presented; the lindings clearly brought out and some proposals for future research made.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11707/4603
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