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Title: A Description of Hiligaynon Phrase and Clause Constructions
Authors: Wolfenden, Elmer
Keywords: Austronesian Languages
Western Malayo-Polynesian Languages
Hiligaynon - Grammar
Clause Structure
Phrase Structure
Issue Date: 1972
Publisher: University of Hawaii
Abstract: This dissertation presents a description of the phrase and clause structures of Hiligaynon syntax. The description accounts for the correlation of grammatical functions with semantic functions in underlying patterns, and also for the correlation of the same grammatical functions with classes of exponents of the surface constructions. Chapter One contains a discussion of the theoretical background of the tagmemic model by which the phrase and clause constructions are presented. Phrases are described in Chapter Two. A general phrase pattern is postulated as the base from which the primary surface phrases are derived. Secondary and tertiary phrases, which are relator-axis and more complicated modified phrases, are derived in turn from the primary phrases by means of specified derivational processes. General permutation rules, which involve the arrangements of elements within more than one type of contrastive phrase, are distinguished from the phrase-specific rules. Phrases in Hiligaynon are the most common exponents of clause-level tagmemes, and are described before clauses in order to provide background information for the descriptions of clauses. The clause structures are described in Chapter Three. From a general underlying pattern of clause structure come three groups of clauses, the nonverbal, the stative, and the declarative-verbal. A fourth group, the stative-declarative-verbal, is derived from elements of the latter two, and one type of interrogative clause is derived from all of them. The tagmemic approach utilized in this dissertation is modified to the extent of formalizing a procedure for stating the underlying patterns. the underlying patterns summarize those general features held in common by more than one contrastive surface structure. thus, the underlying patterns are made from which surface structures are derived. the underlying patterns have both semantic and grammatical features, so that the difference between underlying and surface structure is not seen to be a difference between semantic deep structure and grammatical surface structure, but rather a difference between underlying general patterns of structure and specific surface structure. There is a mixture of semantic and grammatical information at both levels. To state the underlying patterns, an all-function tagmeme is postulated to express the correlation between grammatical and semantic functions. Steps in the derivational processes which lead to surface structures are given through tagmemic formulas using Pike's concept of linguistic matrix multiplication operations for both phrases and clauses.
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