Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11707/4554
Title: Kapampangan syntactic processes
Authors: Mirikitani, Leatrice T
Keywords: Austronesian Languages
Malayo-Polynesian Languages
Pampangan
Kapampangan
Issue Date: 1971
Publisher: University of Hawaii
Abstract: Kapampangan is a Philippine language spoken by some 900,000 individuals. It belongs to the Austronesian language family as do the other indigenous languages of the Philippines. This dissertation ~s in the generative mold, with syntax being considered central. The base structure is, therefore, presented through a set of rules from which intermediate strings of syntactic items can be derived. A set of major syntactic processes in the form of transformational rules then operates on these strings to give the syntactic arrangements which in turn can be brought to the surface by the operation of phonological rules (not treated). Recursive processes are then presented to depict the derivation of complex sentences. The exposition of the base structure of Kapampangan follows Chomsky's orientation in Aspects (1965), but incorporates an important syntacticsemantic contribution from Fillmore's case grammar. The base rules in Chapter II specify the elementary, abstract, formal objects which constitute the deep structure and the basic arrangements in which they occur (Chomsky 1965:64). In order to introduce notions of specific function features such as time, manner, and general location for adverbial prepositional phrases, or for the various case relations of prepositional phrases to predicates as per Fillmore's suggestions, a feature notation is also employed following Chomsky's strict subcategorizational rule stated in terms of context sensitive environments. Chapter II of the dissertation, then, presents the base structure of Kapampangan by a set of phrase structure rules identifying and expanding the basic grammatical categories, and by a few subcategorizational rules which introduce semantic information about the categorial units. Chapter III treats the basic syntactic processes by which surface syntactic information is mapped onto base terminal strings for the final (syntactic) realization of any and all Kapampangan simple surface structures. The basic processes of subject formation, predicate nominalization, topicalization, and pronominalization with the transformational rules needed for these processes are discussed and fully illustrated. From these processes with the base rules the following simple sentence types can be derived: predicative (verbal and nonverbal), identificational (equational), topicalized, and interrogative. Chapter IV deals with the recursive processes by which complex sentences are formulated. The processes described are relativization, complementation, and conjunction (coordination only). The recursive S's of these processes occur in designated positions in base strings of category symbols, adnominally for relative clauses, adverbially for complement clauses, and conjoined for coordinate sentences. The transformational rules needed to bring embedded S's to the surface are actually deeper than some of those treated in Chapter III. The dissertation, however, follows a logical ordering in order to show the derivation of simple sentences. The final chapter then gives a suw~ary of all rules treated, restates them to include the recursive elements, and puts them into their proper order. Rules set out in the dissertation are presented basically in prose rather than solely with formal notational conventions. The reader should therefore be able to follow the progression at any point. No claim is made for the comprehensiveness of the treatment, though the basic rules, it is believed, are given in a framework that will allow all further amplifications. The coverage is sufficient, however, to formulate all basic sentences in Kapampangan.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11707/4554
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