Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11707/4545
Title: A phonology and morphology of Ejagham, with notes on dialect variation
Authors: Watters, John Robert
Keywords: Niger-Congo Languages
Bantu Languages
Ejagham - Grammar
Phonology
Morphology
Issue Date: 1981
Publisher: University of California, Los Angeles
Abstract: Few grammars have been done on the numerous Benue-Congo languages of Cameroon and Nigeria. This study of the phonology and morphology of Ejagham is provided to help fill this void in our knowledge. It is offered as the first two parts of what should eventually be a full reference grammar of Ejagham, an Ekoid Bantu language which includes Crabb's (1965) Ekoid F, G and H (i.e. Etung) as sub-dialects. Chapter 1 introduces the Ejagham people and language in terms of their location, population, linguistic classification and internal dialecta distinctions. It also introduces the previous literature touching on Ejagham, and provides maps which specify the location of the 145 or so Ejagham villages and the dialects and sub-dialects to which they belong. Part I is on the morphology of Ejagham and includes chapters 2 and 3. Chapter 2 covers the phonological units, both segmental and tonal, and their phonotactics. Chapter 3 covers the morphology, both segmental and tonal, plus a lengthy discussion on the representation of tone in Ejagham. This discussion includes the representation of tonal contours, the status of downstep as a tonal feature in a constrained phonological theory, and the actual formalization of the tonal processes under two different analyses, one using the notion of 'static' downstep and the other using the notation of 'dynamic' downstep. Part II is on the morphology of Ejagham and includes chapters 4 through 9. Chapter 4 is on the noun. It covers the expression of various syntactic and semantic functions, whether they are expressed morphologically or syntactically, as well as the form of the Ejagham noun class and gender system. Chapter 5 is on the pronoun. It covers such forms as personal, reflexive, reciprocal, possessive, demonstrative, interrogative, relative and locative pronouns. In certain cases these pronominal notions are expressed by noun phrases or clausal expressions rather than simple pronominal forms. Chapter 6 is on the verb. The crucial categories in the verbal system are 'aspect' (i.e. perfect, perfective, imperfective), 'mood', 'repetitive' and 'negative'. 'Tense' is not formally marked in the system. Chapter 7 is on other word classes such as the adjectives, prepositions, numerals, quantifiers, the adverb and syntactic particles. Chapter 8 is on derivational morphology, including the derivation of nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs and prepositions. Finally, chapter 9 is on historical topics in Ejagham morphology. One topic is the historical derivation of the repetitive prefix and certain negative prefixes from verb roots. The other topic is the morphological evidence for a close genetic relationship between Ejagham and the Bantu language used in Meeussen's (1967) reconstructions of Proto-Bantu.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11707/4545
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