Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11707/4368
Title: Aspects of Woods Cree Syntax
Authors: Starks, Donna Joy
Keywords: American Indigenous Languages (Northern)
Algonquian Languages
Woods Cree - Grammar
Syntax
Issue Date: 1992
Publisher: University of Manitoba
Abstract: This study analyzes the syntax of Woods Cree, an Algonquian language spoken at South Indian Lake, Manitoba. The research is based on elicitation and on the analysis of spontaneous texts. The work covers constituent structure, clauses types and verb morphology. The findings illustrate that minor constituents obey rigid word order constaints on the major constituents are less rigid and the order of constituents withis the clause is relatively free. Clause type is defined by a combination of morphological and syntactic features which include the relative order of clauses, tense sequencing, obviation and verb morphology. The latter two features distinguish main from subordinate clauses. The verb morphology also plays an important role in structuring information flow, e.g., conjunct verbs link information between clauses. Conjunct verbs are classified into changed and unchanged forms. Unchanged conjunct verbs are unmarked for their realization unless preceded by a tense preverb or a future particle. The changed conjunct, when represented by the preverbs (k)a- and i-, places special focus on specific aspects of the situation. Changed conjunct preverbs which have corresponding unchanged conjunct forms mark an event as realizable in the past.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11707/4368
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