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Title: Espiegle's Bay: Grammatical Topics
Authors: Holmes, Roxanna Theresa
Keywords: Espiegle's Bay - Grammar
Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands Languages
Oceanic Languages
Malayo-Polynesian Languages
Austronesian Languages
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: The University of Waikato
Abstract: Espiegle's Bay: Grammatical Topics is a linguistic description of some of the grammatical features of the Espiegle's Bay language variety of North-West Malakula, Vanuatu. The data used for this project comprise 16 documents. 13 of these are transcriptions of recordings from two speakers of the language variety. The remaining documents consist of data elicited between 2011 to 2013 from the same two speakers. This description sketches the Espiegle's Bay language's nouns and nominal morphology, verbs and verbal morphology, clause structure, and valence operations. In addition to pronouns, there are three main noun classes: common nouns, personal nouns, and local nouns. Nominal modifiers appear post-nominally. Verbs are sub-divided into four main verb classes: inherently intransitive verbs, inherently transitive verbs, ambitransitive verbs, and morphologically related intransitive-transitive verb pairs. There appear to be no inherent ditransitive verbs in the language, however ditransitive clauses can be derived. Morphologically transitive verbs can decrease in valence by reduplication. There are a set of pre-verbal prefixes which agree with the grammatical subject and encode a two-way distinction between non-future and future tense. The simplicity of tense-marking contrasts with the complexity of aspect. There are fourteen aspectual modifiers found in the language, including quantificational markers and phasal markers. Like many Malakula languages, these kinds of verbal modifiers appear post-verbally. The basic word order of Espiegle's Bay is SVO; however, the fronting of direct objects is common. In the description of the language's clause structure and valence operations, typological frames of alignment, transitivity, and valency are employed. In this thesis, it is argued that some inherently intransitive verbs and inherently transitive verbs can increase in valence by a valence increasing morpheme ngen which resembles a preposition but is functionally distinct.
Appears in Collections:Grammars (restricted access)

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