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Title: Relativization that you did...
Authors: Szczegielniak, Adam
Keywords: Generative Grammar
Polish - Grammar
Russian - Grammar
Issue Date: 2004
Publisher: Harvard University
Abstract: This work address the puzzle why VP ellipsis where the subject plus an auxiliary/modal /negation (non bare-VP ellipsis) is not possible in relatives derived via operator movement, whereas VP ellipsis where only the subject remains (bare-VP ellipsis) is possible in both relatives derived via operator movement as well as head noun movement. I will argue that Polish and Russian ellipsis data points to the generalization that VP- ellipsis is essentially deletion of a topic VP. In the first part of the thesis, I show that Polish and Russian relative clauses divide into two types: (i) derived by head noun movement ( co/čto-relatives), and (ii) derived by operator movement and adjunction of the relative to the head noun (który/kotoryj-relatives). In the second part, I answer why bare-VP ellipsis is only possible in co/čto-relatives, and non bare-VP ellipsis is possible in both types of relatives. I will argue that de-stressing and subsequent ellipsis requires the establishment of Topic and Focus in overt syntax. The establishment of Topic/Focus interacts with relative clause formation giving rise to the asymmetry in the availability of both types of VP ellipsis in different kinds of relative clauses.
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