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Kasong - Grammar
|Abstract:||This thesis is a study of Kasong syntax. Kasong language belongs to the Pearic branch of Mon-Khmer subfamily within the Austroasiatic language family which is spoken in Trat province of Thailand. This language is generally known as Chong of Trat. It is believed to be the same language as Chong which is spoken mainly in Chanthaburi province in previous studies. This study covers five ranks of the grammatical hierarchy - morpheme, word, phrase, clause and sentence. In addition, the language situation of Kasong is discussed in this study so that it will be useful for further work on this language. The researcher found that Kasong and Chong are different. At the present there are only few Kasong speakers and most of them are elderly people over55 years old. The data were elicited from the Kasong informants who live in Ban Khlong Saeng, Ban Padaw and Ban Danchumphon, Borai district, Trat province during field works between 2000-2001. The focus was on folktales, daily life communication and various kinds of text materials. The data analysis was based on the Tagmemics and the grammatical approach adopted in this study mainly follows David Thpmas (1993). The findings in this study show that the syntactic structure of Kasong language is more like Thai structure though some Mon-Khmer characteristics can still be observed. Affixation that is a significant feature in Mon-Khmer languages, is no longer productive in this language. There are a lot of Thai loanwords in Kasong, especially the grammatical words. The study reveals that Kasong is heavily influenced by Thai since Kasong speakers are bilingual in Kasong and Thai. Moreover, most of them speak Thai more than their own ethnic language. Kasong is now in the serious stage of endangerment. It is predicted that in the next few generations if nothing is done, the Kasong language will disappear when the current speakers die|
|Appears in Collections:||Dissertations (restricted access)|
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