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Title: The comparative syntax of Albanian: on the contribution of syntactic types to propositional interpretation.
Authors: Kallulli, Dalina
Keywords: Indo-European Languages
Albanian Languages
Issue Date: 1999
Publisher: Durham University
Abstract: This dissertation is a comparative study of the syntax of Albanian within the Principles and Parameters framework. Its main focus is on the existence of a systematic relationship between syntactic structure and propositional interpretation. The thesis starts with an investigation of the effects of direct object clitic doubling in Albanian and Greek on propositional interpretation. Crucially, I argue that direct object doubling clitics in these languages are operators that license topichood. Detailed semantic evaluations of the syntax of noun phrases are presented. In particular, it is argued that semantic interpretations for noun phrases, while fundamentally dependent on their internal structure, are to a large extent also dependent on the phrase structure positions in which they are initially projected. A comprehensive discussion of count bare singular noun phrases in Balkan and Mainland Scandinavian languages is undertaken, which sheds new light on a number of issues concerning syntactic and semantic asymmetries of terms in differing grammatical relations, phrase structure and clausal positions, as well as on the contribution of nominal constituent types to event reference and more generally to compositional semantics. Finally, the dissertation examines the effects of non-active morphology in Albanian on propositional interpretation. I argue that non-active morphology is an operation that affects the lexical meaning of a predicate by changing either the aspectual template associated with it or the pairing of a name (a constant) with the aspectual template of a predicate.
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