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Title: Aspecto no Kaingang
Authors: Gonçalves, Solange Aparecida
Keywords: American Indigenous Languages (Southern)
Jean Languages
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP)
Abstract: This dissertation evaluates the relevancy of using the notion of Aspect to define the function performed by a set of final phrasal particles in the Kaingang language (Jê family, Macro- Jê stock). This aboriginal language is spoken by a population of about thirty thousand people in Southern Brazil. For this, a revision of the theoretical approach of the linguistic facts usually classified as Aspect’s category is presented, detaching the distinct viewpoints about the phenomenon, many times taken in divergent perspectives by different authors. It’s standed out, for example, the distinction – for some theoreticians, clear and necessary; for others, inexistent or without much use – between Aspect and Actionality (‘Aktionsart’). There are bibliography summaries on the Kaingang language, detaching the workmanships where the subject boarded or was mentioned in some way. Finally, it is analyzed a set of data that, in its bigger part, was produced in field investigation specially applied for this research (a part of it, however, is constituted of borrowed data of other works of research). From these data, hypotheses are suggested on the function of such particles, concluding, in some cases, that they have effective aspectual functions, but in others, they suggest a modal function or a perspective of evidencing Actionality.
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