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Title: Ordem de constituintes e movimento em tembé: minimalismo e anti-simetria
Authors: Duarte, Fabio Bonfim
Keywords: American Indigenous Languages (Southern)
Tupian Languages
Issue Date: 2003
Publisher: Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
Abstract: This thesis focuses on the structure of the independent and subordinate clauses of the Tembe language. In the independent clauses, the order is VSO, whereas, in the subordinate clauses, the order of the constituents is rigid, occurring [[OV] COMP]], Taking in consideration the theoretical assumption that the order in which the clausal constituents are generated is SVO, Aux-SVO and C-Aux-SVO in all languages and the checking theory, we aimed to explain the reasons that trigger the movement of the constituent out of the VP and also to verify if the single IP can derive the order of the VSO independent sentences. Basing on the syntactic distribution of the VP adverbs, the deictic aPe, the float quantifier we and the accusative prefixes on the verb, we note that not only the verb but also the subject and the object move to functional positions above the VP. Thus, to derive the VSO sentences, we postulate that the subject, before landing to Spec-TP for checking the EPP of TP, is raised first to Spec-AgrSP to receive the nominative Case.. We also propose that the object moves to Spec-AgrOP to have its accusative Case checked. According to these empirical evidences, we concluded that the single IP can not derive the VSO clauses. Besides, we noted that the VSO order is derived by additional movement of the verb to the ForceP/FinP system. Taking in consideration the relative position of the auxiliary in relation either to IP or to VP, we proposed to derive the VSO-Aux order by the movement of the IP to Spec-AuxP. Our hypothesis is that the Aux carries an uninterpretable feature, called [PRED], which attracts the IP to Spec-AuxP. The VP is not raised together with the IP to Spec-AuxP, because, when the IP is moved, the VP adverbs, the deictic aPe and the float quantifier we remain in situ. The +-features of the lexical verbs are checked when the subject moves to Spec-AgrSP. The +-features of the auxiliaries are checked when the IP is raised to Spec-AuxP. The analysis also showed that the rigid order, [[OV] ComP]1, is achieved by the movement of the IP to Spec-ForceP. Our hypothesis is that the head Force°, as well as the head Aux', also carries the [PRED] features. This explains why the IP appears to the left of the ForceP. We concluded that the Tembe is a language which shares grammatical properties with other VSO languages, such as Irish, Arabic, Berber and the Niuean. Both of Irish and Arabic, like the Tembe language, present TP c-commanding AgrSP. In Niuean, the head I0 is marked by the uninterpretable feature [PRED], which triggers the remnant movement of the VP to Spec-IP.
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