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Title: The Internal Structure of the Zulu DP
Authors: de Dreu, Merijn
Keywords: African Languages
Niger-Congo Languages
Atlantic-Congo Languages
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: Universiteit Leiden
Abstract: In 1994 The Antisymmetry of Syntax by Richard Kayne was published. In this book Kayne proposed that the X-bar theory had to be restricted and that the underlying word order is the same for every language in the world. This meant that several phenomena had to be analyzed in a different way. For example, in English objects follow the verb, and in Japanese they precede the verb. According to Kayne, they both have the same underlying word order, despite the difference in surface order. This difference in surface order is accomplished by assuming that in Japanese the object moves to a position preceding the verb, whereas the object stays in situ in English. In this thesis I will research if Kayne's theory can account for the internal structure of DP's in Zulu. I will first discuss the internal structure of Zulu nouns in chapter 2. Zulu noun stems of some noun classes are preceded by a noun class prefix. I will discuss what this means for the internal structure of the noun class. I will also discuss more complex nouns in chapter 2. In chapter 3 I will discuss the augment. This is a morpheme that consists of a single vowel that precedes the noun in most cases, but it fails to do so other cases. I will argue that it is a determiner. In chapter 4 I will discuss demonstratives. A Zulu demonstrative can either follow the noun or precede it, and I will discuss the difference in structure of the postnominal and pre-nominal demonstrative. Zulu has post-nominal relative clauses as well as post-nominal adjectives. I will argue in chapter 5 that the adjectives and relative clauses have the same structure. I will also discuss the difference in structure of subject relatives and non-subject relatives. In a Zulu possessive construction the possessor usually follows the possessee, and the possessor is usually preceded by a prefix that agrees with the possessee. I will discuss the possessive construction in chapter 6. In Zulu a locative adverb can be formed from a noun. There are several ways to do this and I will discuss these ways, as well as their distribution in chapter 7.
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