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Title: A Grammar Sketch of Demena
Authors: Williams, Cindy S.
Keywords: American Indigenous Languages (Southern)
Macro-Chibchan Languages
Demena - Grammar
Issue Date: 1993
Publisher: University of North Dakota
Abstract: This thesis provides a description of the morphology and syntax of Demena, Chbchan language of northern Colombia. Demena is an SOV language with postpositions and genitive-nominal, noun-adjective word orders. Unusual features of Demena include: case marking suffixes which occur as phrasal affixes, a fusion of person marking and deixis in verbal suffixes, and interaction of temporal and spacial deixis on question suffixes. Demena exhibits more agreement than would be expected. Causative constructions may contain two different direct object person agreement prefixes side by side on a single verb. In cases of advancement to direct object, the same argument may be referenced by two different agreement markers. This study was carried out by interviewing speakers of Demena in Avingui and Santa Marta. Part of the process was to study research done in related languages and test the claims for Demana.
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