Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11707/3537
Title: Topics in Tepehua Grammar
Authors: Watters, James Kenneth
Keywords: American Indigenous Languages (Northern)
Totonacan Languages
Tepehua - Grammar
Issue Date: 1988
Publisher: University of California at Berkeley
Abstract: Various issues in the grammar of Tepehua, Totonacan language of eastern Mexico, are explored, largely within the framework of Role and Reference Grammar (RRG). Chapter 1 provides a brief introduction to the Tepehua language and the wider linguistic and cultural context as well as a presentation of the relevant aspects of RRG and Frame Semantics. Chapter 2 discusses the verb and verb phrase. A classification of verbs based on inherent aspect as well as formal evidence for the classification are presented. The productive process of verb-verb compounding is demonstrated and the formal constraint re transitivity of compound verbs is discussed. The extensive valence-affecting verb morphology is presented and it is argued that there is distinction between affixes which involve the lexical encoding of arguments and those which involve the syntactic encoding of arguments, the latter paralleling the function of prepositions in other languages. The form and interpretation of the affixes with adverbial functions are also discussed. Inflectional verbal morphology is sketched out, demonstrating inflectional categories for aspect (perfective, imperfective, perfect, progressive), tense (future, past), mood (irrealis), locations, and person marking. Person marking is shown to involve special complexities in the passive and inverse verb constructions. The infinitive construction and its distribution is then discussed as well as the adverbs, including a rather large class of 'dependent core-level' adverbs. Chapter three presents the derivational and inflectional processes that occur with numerals and adjectives, and the special comparative constructions in which adjectives may occur. Chapter four presents data regarding nouns and noun phrases, including a rather extensive discussion of the form and interpretation of the various de-adjectival and deverbal nominalization processes. The chapter also exhibits the two inflectional processes that occur with nouns (pluralization and possesion) and a discussion of ni and yu: and their dual functions as complementizer and relative pronoun on the one hand, and as definite articles on the other. Chapter five discusses the two true prepositions in Tepehua as well as the relational nouns which have a similar function. An appendix presents the major issues in Tepehua phonology.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11707/3537
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