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Title: Hidatsa morpho-syntax and clause structure
Authors: Boyle, John P.
Keywords: American Indigenous Languages (Northern)
Siouan-Catawban Languages
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: The University of Chicago
Abstract: This dissertation is a study of the morpho-syntax and clause structure of Hidatsa, a Siouan language spoken in North Dakota. This dissertation is divided into three major sections: a short ethnography and history of the Hidatsa (chapter 1); a description of the major components of Hidatsa grammar (chapters 2-4); and a theoretical analysis of Hidatsa clause structure (chapter 5-6). This is followed by some concluding remarks. Chapter 1 presents a brief history of the Hidatsa people and how population loss due to diseases, the disruption of tribal life causes by the Dawes Severalty Act, and the building of the Garrison Dam has lead to a drastic decline in the daily use of the Hidatsa language. I also include the position of Hidatsa in the larger Siouan language family, a literature review, and a short description of the theoretical assumptions used in this dissertation. Chapter 2 presents an overview of the phonology of Hidatsa as well as a description of the major phonological and morphophonological alternations found in the language. I also present a description of syllable structure and a brief account of the pitch accent system. Chapter 3 describes the derivational morphology that can affix to nouns, including number marking, alienable and inalienable possessive prefixes, and determiners. I then show that noun phrases serve as compliments to determiner phrases (DPs). Nominalization strategies are examined as are oblique arguments that are marked as postpositional phrases.
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