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Title: Phonological and syntactic reflections of the morphological structure of Selayarese
Authors: Basri, Hasan
Keywords: Austronesian Languages
Malayo-Polynesian Languages
Issue Date: 1999
Publisher: SUNY Stony Brook
Abstract: The focus of this dissertation is the phonological and syntactic behavior of three types of suffixes in Selayarese, called true affixes, affixal clitics, and free clitics. The theoretical claim which the analysis develops is that the three types of suffixes belong to three different morphological structures where true affixes attach to stems within X°-domain, affixal clitics attach to X°-category to form a larger X°-category, and free clitics do not adjoin to the preceding bases but simply follow them. Prosodically, true affixes and affixal clitics attach to feet to form prosodic words, while free clitics attach to prosodic words to form phonological phrases. This analysis is supported by various phonological processes such as stress assignment, glottal stop-velar stop alternations, mid vowel lazing and harmony, echo vowel epenthesis, and reduplication. Using the framework of Optimality Theory, I account for these phonological phenomena as the effects of various Alignment and Correspondence constraints that focus on the notion of prosodic word. I argue that stress assignment, glottal stop-velar stop alternations, and mid vowel lazing and [-ATIZ] harmony take place within the prosodic word domain. Likewise, echo vowels are needed to block illicit prosodic word-final codas, and reduplications involve copying of prosodic word. Furthermore, I show that echo vowels and epenthetic glottal stop before affixal clitics are governed by output-output identity and bimoraicity requirements. I also argue that syntactically the three types of suffixes differ in the domains within which they attach to their bases. True affixes attach to their bases as part of word morphology, and affixal clitics adjoin to their bases within the DP domain as part of phrasal phonology, while free clitics attach to their hosts within the IP domain via Stray Adjunction as part of phrasal phonology. The two types of causative constructions differ in the degree of cohesiveness between the causative affixes and the bases as well as in the categories of complement the causative affixes take. Causative pa- takes a VP-complement while causative paka- takes a CP-complement.
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