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Title: Semantics of Sa'a transitive suffixes and thematic consonants
Authors: Ashley, Karen C.
Keywords: Austronesian Languages
Malayo-Polynesian Languages
Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian Languages
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Graduate Institute of Applied Linguistics, Dallas
Abstract: In the Sa'a language of the Solomon Islands, the transitive form of some verbs is made by adding only an object clitic to the verb root. Other verbs add a transitive suffix of the form -(C)i before the object clitic. Some intransitive verbs form a second intransitive by adding -(C)a'i and a second transitive with -(C)a'ini plus object clitic. Most verbs may also be nominalized by adding -(C)a. These patterns of affixation are shared by many Oceanic languages. In each of these forms the -C is chosen from a limited set, known in the literature as the thematic consonants. Most Oceanic analysts consider the consonants to be lexically determined and meaningless, although a few identify semantic groups of verbs which tend to share a consonant. This thesis presents several semantic features, instigation, affectedness, intentionality, durativity, telicity, and result, which interact to control the choice of consonant and suffix for Sa'a verbs and deverbal nouns.
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