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Title: A Reference Grammar of Puyuma, an Austronesian Language of Taiwan
Authors: Teng, Stacy Fang-Ching
Keywords: Austronesian Languages
Puyuma - Grammar
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Australian National University
Abstract: Puyuma clauses are predicate-initial. A distinction between actor voice (with actor subject) and undergoer voice (with undergoer subject) is made among verbal clauses with both actor and undergoer arguments. The definiteness of the undergoer is an important factor in determining the manifestation of voice in independent clauses. Actor voice clauses are intransitive and are marked no differently from other intransitives, but they have a patient in oblique case. Undergoer voice clauses are always transitive, and the actor is obligatorily marked on verb as genitive pronominal proclitic, but the actor NP with which it agrees (if any) is marked as oblique. Thus Puyuma can be said to have an ergative syntactic organisation in independent clauses. However, complex constructions display accusative properties. Undergoer voice has three variants, transitive 1 (TR1), transitive 2 (TR2), transitive 3 (TR3), according to the semantic role of the undergoer. These correspond to the Patient Voice (PV), Locative Voice (LV), Instrumental/Beneficiary (Conveyance) Voice (I/BV or CV) of conventional Philippinist terminology.
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