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Title: Kant, Verri, Nietzsche e la questione del piacere e del dolore
Authors: Pezzei, Ivana
Issue Date: 2003
Publisher: Padova, Editoriale Programma
Abstract: In 1773 Pietro Verri published the "Discorso sull'indole del piacere e del dolore" which appeared again eight years later, in a second edition in 1781. The German translations of both editions were read with great care by Immanuel Kant, who praised the Milanese Enlightenment thinker first in his "Vorlesungen ueber Anthropologie" of the Seventies and later also in his last work of 1798, the "Anthropologie in pragmatischer Hinsicht". But not only this. Kant borrowed from Verri the negative conception of pleasure and agreed with him that pain was a positive entity, which always precedes pleasure and is the only reason for human action. Therefore pleasure is not an enduring state, it must rather alternate with pain and in human life the amount of pain is bigger than the amount of pleasure. One hundred years later, in 1883, Nietzsche quoted in one of his fragments the most important sentences of Verri's theory mentioned by Kant in his "Anthropology". However, Nietzsche's opinion about pain and pleasure is very different from that of his forerunners: pain and pleasure are not primary causes, but only final phenomena, merely a reaction to the only initial power which makes up the essence of any organism and which is called the will to power. Nietzsche's original path followed here starts with "Die Geburt der Tragoedie" in 1872 carries on with "Zarathustra" (1881-85) and ends with the fragments of "Der Wille zur Macht" which appeared posthumously.
Appears in Collections:Annali di Ca' Foscari. Serie occidentale

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