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Title: The CP and IP layers in Sienese Syntax
Authors: Lusini, Sara
Keywords: Italian language - Sienese dialect - Syntax
Issue Date: Jul-2009
Publisher: Università Ca' Foscari di Venezia, Facoltà di Lingue, Corso di Laurea Specialistica in Scienze del Linguaggio
Abstract: The purpose of the present work is to account for the syntactic behaviour of four invariable clausal particles which are found in the Sienese dialect, an Italian variety spoken in the Tuscan town of Siena. These particles are che, e, ɛ and o. In the first chapter I will entertain the analysis of che, which is often found in yes/no questions, but which crucially does not appear in wh-questions. I will try to provide an adequate descriptive and theoretical account for the syntactic behaviour of this invariable item, which seems to be consistent with similar particles in many other Central and Southern Italian dialects. I will argue that che is an operator, which can bind a phrase or a clause inside its scope and marks it as new information. The second chapter deals with the categorial status of e, which is in complementary distribution with che in yes/no questions. Furthermore, e occurs in declarative clauses, as opposed to che. This will ultimately lead to the proposal that e is not an interrogative particle but rather a marker of an English-style topicalization. The third chapter is dedicated to the analysis of ɛ, which is only allowed in declarative clauses. I will also take into consideration another similar vocalic morpheme, namely ɔ, which seems to be in complementary distribution with ɛ. I will argue that ɛ and ɔ are two evidential particles, which are related to positive and negative evidence, respectively. The last chapter is dedicated to o, which occurs in wh-questions and in those yes/no questions, which are introduced by che. I will assume that o is a speaker-oriented particle, which conveys a non-canonical interpretation. I find it relevant to mention that this is the only topic in the present work, on which there is some relevant literature already (Poletto (2000), Chinellato and Garzonio (2003) and Garzonio (2004)), altough it does not specifically concern the Sienese dialect.
Appears in Collections:Ca' Foscari PhD and MA Theses

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