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Title: Nazionalismo e speculazione linguistica nel Romanticismo tedesco
Authors: Vian, Diego
Issue Date: 2000
Publisher: Padova, Editoriale Programma
Abstract: From the period of Carolingian Empire, Germany, which was a geographic but not an historical and political reality, was on its way to search a new identity: it was difficult to find it, because the autochtonous German culture did not leave any written documents. The runic alphabet confirmed the existence of a particular idiom in the old German area, but only an exact philological reconstruction permitted to single the form out, going, in this way , to the concept of protogerman. The writing in Germany came late(VII-VIII sec.) and the language, which found its form in the writing, received a stroger influence by Christian culture than by the structure of the Latin. In the romantic period the matter of German identity broke out in an evident way and more precisely the language took a scientific, racial amd endogamic relevance. Herder removed the religious sphere of the language and assigned human qualities to it. He described it as a product of national spirit. F. Schlegel and J. Grimm studied this problem thorougly and cosidered the German language as provided with sacrality and divine essence. In this way,it became the only existent idiom able to reach the dimension of the "truth" and of the "mana", because it repersents the fruit of the pure German blood. In fact, Grimm gives the highest spiritual degree to the primary and mythical phase of the language. W. v. Humboldt too was involved with the problem of linguistic nationalism, but he highlighted the comunicative aspect of the linguistic system, shifting the focus from the theory of "language" to the history of "speech". The clash with Grimm was unavoidable. This question was analysed during the Romantic period, but we have to look for its first development, probably, in the Illuministic one. In fact,Leibniz, who recognized the adamic language in the Germanic language, can be considered a forerunner of Schlegel and Grimm.
Appears in Collections:Annali di Ca' Foscari. Serie occidentale

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