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Title: The Syntax of Embedded Clauses in Icelandic and Related Languages
Authors: Angantýsson, Ásgrímur
Keywords: Indo-European Languages
Germanic Languages
Issue Date: 2011
Abstract: The main concern in this study is the status of Icelandic among the Scandinavian languages, in particular from the perspective of morpho-syntactic theories. Icelandic is known for its robust inflectional system and syntactic characteristics such as subject-verb agreement, non-nominative subjects, Stylistic Fronting and Vfin-Adv order in all types of subject-initial embedded clauses, while the Mainland Scandinavian languages typically lack these properties. In a simplified picture, Faroese, and perhaps Övdalian, can be viewed as standing midway between the two poles. In the literature on Scandinavian syntax, a central idea has been that morpho-syntactic variables of this kind are parametrically interrelated (cf. Holmberg & Platzack 1995 and much later work). This study is a contribution to this field of Scandinavian syntax. Of course, the status of Icelandic among the Scandinavian languages vis-à-vis morpho-syntax is an expansive topic but my discussion will mostly be restricted to certain embedded constructions in Icelandic and related languages, in particular Faroese and Övdalian. A general finding of the work presented here is that Icelandic is not syntactically unique among the Scandinavian languages, as is sometimes assumed. This is especially true for Embedded Topicalization.
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