Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11707/2917
Title: Noun Phrase Structure
Authors: Anderson, Mona Katherine Johnson
Keywords: Indo-European Languages
Germanic Languages
English
Issue Date: 1979
Publisher: University of Connecticut
Abstract: This is a study of the internal structure of English complex noum phrases with lexical nouns as heads. The application of transformations within these NPs is compared to the application of transformations in parallel sentences. It is argued that no external restrictions on the application of transformations in NP and S are needed. General con-ditions on all transformations account for apparent exceptions. A semantic class of nouns is isolated which in the underlying forms takes a bare NP complement rather than a prepositional phrase complement. A general prohibition against preposition stranding is proposed. The co-reference relations between full nouns, pronouns, reflexives, and reciprocals embedded in NPs are compared to co-reference relations between these elements when they are not so embedded. The condition that an antecedent must c-command its anaphor is found to be too res-trictive and is replaced by a nearness condition involving kommand. It is claimed that in terms of anaphoric relations, picture nouns are not exceptional in comparison to other nouns. It is argued that the sentential complement system for nouns, while it is related to that of verbs, differs in many respects. It is pro-posed that nouns and their sentential complements bear an appositive type of relationship to each other except in those cases when a true preposition mediates between them.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11707/2917
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