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Title: Mam Grammar in Outline
Authors: England, Nora C.
Keywords: Mam - Grammar
Mamean Languages
K’ichean-Mamean Languages
Yucatecan-Core Mayan Languages
Mayan Languages
American Indigenous Languages
Issue Date: 1975
Publisher: University of Florida
Abstract: Mam is a Mayan language spoken by several hundred thousand indigenous people in highland Guatemala and Chiapas. It has the third largest number of speakers in the Mayan family, but has been relatively little described, even compared to other Mayan languages. This grammar is a description of the phonology, grammatical processes, verb semantics, and grammatical categories in Mam. It is based on data collected during more than two years of fieldwork in Guatemala. The phonology chapter contains a phonemic analysis of the language and a description of the major morphophonemic processes. The grammatical processes chapter describes morpheme, work, and root classes; and stem, phrase, and sentence formation. Root classes are verbs, positionals, nouns, adjectives, affect words, and particles. Of these all but positionals are matched by stem and word classes. Word classes are verbs, nouns, adjectives, affect words, derived adverbials, and particles. Phrases types are noun, verb and adverb. Simple sentences are linking, intransitive, or transitive; in addition there are compound and complex sentences. Inflection of nouns and verbs is described under word classes, while derivational affixes are described under stem formation. In addition there are a number of clitics, which are described under word classes, phrase formation, and sentence formation. After the description of the grammatical processes, a chapter is devoted to verbal semantic categories as revealed through the use and distribution of dlrectionals in the verb phrase. A final chapter is devoted to a discussion of the grammatical categories which are defined by the organizational principles of the language. This includes discussion of verbal categories, person relationships, description, and emphasis. An appendix gives a text in Mam, broken down into morpheme segments and with both a literal interlinear and a free translation.
Appears in Collections:Grammars (restricted access)

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