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Title: Al-Riḥla al-qasriyya, ou le départ contraint, dans la littérature andalouse
Authors: Foulon, Brigitte
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Padova, Studio Editoriale Gordini
Abstract: The aim of this study is to examine how Andalusian poets recounted their experiences of the "riḥla qasriyya", i.e. the journeys which they were compelled to undertake because of the political events and which forced them to leave their home towns or regions or even the Peninsula iself, in other words, to leave their waṭan. As a consequence to this phenomena, the themes of exile and uprooting developed considerably in the poetry known as šakwa ("complaint, lamentation"). The terrible Berber Fitna which put an end to the Caliphate of Cordova at the beginning of the 5th/11th century, throwing most of the major authors of the time onto the roads, gave birth to representations which provided a conceptual and aesthetic frame, a matrix, which would later produce a great number of variants. As their room of manoeuvre was very narrow within the frame of the strict code which governed the Arabic poetical tradition, poets revived on this occasion two major themes of the classical qaṣīda : the raḥīl, and the vestiges of former encampments. We shall focus here on the raḥīl, taking as our reference corpus the poetical works of Ibn Darrāğ al-Qasṭallī(958-1030), whose life was destroyed by the Fitna. Because he spent a long time wandering from place to place until he found a patron, he was no doubt the poet who revised this theme with the most constancy. Eventually, we shall see how the treatment of the raḥīl theme persisted, far beyond the Fitna period, in the works of the Levantine poet Ibn Hafāğa, but in a metaphoric form this time.
Appears in Collections:Annali di Ca' Foscari. Serie orientale

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