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|Title:||Qinliangsi Kilns: Imperial or Popular?|
|Publisher:||Padova, Editoriale Programma|
|Abstract:||When, after decades of frustrated attempts, Ru kilns, one, if not the most celebrated in the entire history of Chinese ceramics, were finally located in 1986 in Baofeng county, Henan province, new problems arose. Ancient records report that between 1111 and 1125 capital officials established a kiln centre which was called "official kilns", but where the factories were located is not specified. Because the kilns in question were operated by government officials, some scholars have assumed that the factories were in the Song capital, Bianliang (modern Kaifeng), but because the kiln centre has never been identified and Bianliang totally lacks raw materials, other scholars believe that the only kiln producing Ru ware was that at Qingliangsi which, therefore, must be considered as the "official kiln" mentioned in literature. However, the author believes that Qingliangsi was the kiln which received the order to supply the court with Ru ware, but was not the guan yao of ancient records, as it also manufactured a variety of popular wares. The lack of raw materials in or nearby Bianliang is a strong point in favour of Qingliangsi kilns, but if one considers that Ru ware made for a very short period of time, was not mass-produced and Bianliang was not far from the kiln area in Henan province, it seems safe to assume that Northern Guan ware was made under direct government control at factories planted in the capital|
|Appears in Collections:||Annali di Ca' Foscari. Serie orientale|
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