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Title: A Descriptive Grammar of Kayah Monu
Authors: Aung, Wai Lin
Keywords: Kayah Monu - Grammar
Tibeto-Burman Languages
Sino-tibetan Languages
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Payap University
Abstract: This thesis is the first grammatical description of Kayah Monu, a Tibeto-Burman language of the Karenic branch of Sino-Tibetan, spoken in Kayah State, Myanmar. This research is based on the Taw Khu dialect which is regarded as the prestige variety and also officially approved for the Kayah Monu orthography.The thesis consists of eight chapters and an appendix. The findings of this research include descriptions discusses several types of word classes both major (nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs) and minor (pronouns, demonstratives, classifiers, numerals, quantifiers, preposition, localizers, conjunctions, question words, particles, and directional verbs). Additional description of different kinds of noun phrases, verb phrases, simple clauses, complex clauses and sentence types of Kayah Monu are also provided. The typical sentence structure is SVO which is different from the SOV structure of other Tibeto-Burman languages. Verb phrase findings included two classes o f auxiliaries, pre-verbal and post-verbal Directional verbs occuron both sides of the main verbs to show the direction of the action. Negation was found to be post-verbal and usually appear clause final. Many main verbs are multiple-verbs constructions consist of the combination of two or more verb roots. They express one simple event or a complex event. Although adjectives were found to have some features of verbs, evidence is presented that they are distinct from verbs. Another area researched included classifiers which are divided into a number of different subclasses based on grammatical distribution. They occur primarily with numbers. The numbering system is unique in that it includes a ‘pair’ classifier for some numbers Oblique locatives include a general locative preposition which always precedes the noun to express the general location and often a in the final phrasal position to point out a specific place. Findings are based on four mother tongue speakers who provided a number of different genres of texts: 1st person narratives (happy and sad experience stories), descriptions of how to do X (two procedure stories), wish or imagination stories (two regret stories), and a traditional story (one folktale) and a set of elicited grammatical sentences Additional checking was done intermittently using the telephone or internet.
Appears in Collections:Grammars (restricted access)

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